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联合国国际货物多式联运公约(一)

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  THE STATES PARTIES TO THIS CONVENTION,


  RECOGNIZING:


  (a)。 That international multimodal transport i。s one mea。ns offacilitating the orderly expansion of world trade;


  (b) The need to stimulate the development of smooth, economic andefficient multimodal transport services adequate to the requirements ofthe trade concerned;


  (c) The desirability of ensuring the orderly development ofinternational multimoda。l transport in the interest。 of all coun。tries andthe need to consider the special problems of trans。it。 countries;


  (d) The desirability of determining certain rules relating。 t。o thecarriage of goods by international multimodal transport contracts,including equit。able provisions concern。ing the liability of multimodaltransport operators;


  (e) The need that thi。s Convention s。hould not affect the appli。cation ofany international convention or national law rel。ating to the regulationand control of transport operatio。ns;


  (f) The right of each State to regulate and control at the na。tionallevel multimodal transport opera。tors and。 operations;


  (g) The need to have regard to the。 special interest and problems ofdeveloping countries, for example, as regards introduction of。 newtechnologies, participation in multimodal services of their nationalcarriers and operators, cost efficiency thereof and maximum use of locallabour and insurance;


  (h) The need to ensure a balance of interests between supplie。rs andusers o。f multimodal transport services;


  (i) The need to facilitate customs procedures with due considerationto the problems of transit countries;


  AGREEING to the following basic principles:


  (a) Th。at a fair balance of interests between devel。oped and developingcountries should be establis。hed and an equitable distrib。ution ofactivities between these groups of coun。tri。es s。hould be attained ininternational multimodal transport;


  (b。) That consultation should take place on terms and conditions ofservice, both before and after the introduction of any new technology inthe mul。timodal transport of goods, between the multimodal transportoperator, shippers, shippers' organizations and appropriate nationalauthorities;


  (c) The freedom for shippers to choose between multimodal andsegmented transport services;


  (d) That the liability of the m。ultimodal transport operator under thisConvention should be based on the principle of presumed fault or neglect;


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